Fortress of Castelfranco in Finale Ligure
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via Generale Enrico Caviglia - 17024 Finale Ligure (SV)
Telefono: 019 68 90 11
Fax: 019 68 01 35
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The Fortezza di Castelfranco, in the extreme eastern section of the inhabited area of Finalmarina, is an important example of a defensive structure in the Ligurian territory.

With the Development of the natural and cultural resources of Liguria project (Level 4 of the POR-FESR 2007-2013), it will be preserved and renovated, and partially reconstructed.

A little bit of history

The Fortezza di Castelfranco was built by the Genoese in 1365 as a defensive stronghold for the conquest of the Finale Ligure area during the battles against the Marquises Del Carretto.
It is located near the coastline, on a rocky spur, in a position (about 30 metres a.s.l.) that dominates the underlying coast road and the seaside promenade. Its position makes it particularly suitable for use as a museum and cultural centre, strictly tied to tourism in the area, an ideal meeting point for the historical-artistic and tourist-excursion routes in Finale.

According to some scholars it was erected on the ruins of the old “Castrum Piae” that barred the Pia valley, but no traces of the old building remain. In the 17th century it was strengthened by the Spanish and surrounded by powerful bastions that extend northwards to Gottaro, turning it into a mainstay in the defensive system.

Reconquered by the Genoese in the 18th century, it was partially demolished (main defensive works) and returned to being used as a prison. Today it has elements from Medieval times (octagonal central tower and the Mezza Lama bastion) and elements from the subsequent eras.

The intervention

The lower section of the building is in good condition but in an advanced state of decay. Some rooms were recovered during the 90s, but some have crumbled or are dangerous and alternate with others where it is easier to work. Some rooms in the upper section are potentially reusable.

The intervention includes preservation and restoration, and partial reconstruction of the destroyed sections; the uncovered areas will be made safe and redeveloped to increase the possibility of using them; the entrances will be improved by adding a mechanical system for taking visitors from the property up to the coast road and the centre of Finalmarina.

Traditional methods and typical local materials will mostly be used, without excluding the possibility of inserting light elements to make the rebuilt parts recognisable, and which will exalt the particular landscape conditions of the place.

Nearby

The Medieval nuclei of Finalborgo, which is surrounded by 15th century walls, and Finalpia are characteristic and full of history. You can find Noli nearby, another Medieval village and the hamlet of Varigotti, famous for its beach and its characteristic fisherman’s houses that are built on the seaside in Saracen style. The area of Finale Ligura is also well-known for its “palestre di Roccia” (climbing area).

Oddities

Out-and-out pearl of the country around Finale Ligure is the hamlet of Varigotti, famous for its beach and the characteristic dwellings of the fishermen, on the sea-shore, called Saracen dwellings, colored and built directly on the beach: their shapes remind the ones on the opposite shore of the Mediterranean Sea, exactly, Saracen lands.

Mappa
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