Generale Chiodo battery in Ameglia
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Ente Parco di Montemarcello-Magra: Via A. Paci, 2 - 19038 Sarzana (SP)
Telefono: 0187 69 10 71
Fax: 0187 60 67 38
L'interno della galleria L'interno della galleria L'esterno della galleria L'esterno della galleria Il ramparo Il ramparo L'impianto fotovoltaico L'impianto fotovoltaico

Secure on the hills, tightly positioned around its medieval castle, but also descending gradually towards the sea. Positioned in Montemarcello Park, it offers glimpses of the mountains and views of the Ligurian Sea.  It is adorned by one of the most beautiful villages in Italy and a wonderful headland, Punta Corvo, and its beach was classified by Legambiente as one of the eleven most beautiful beaches in Italy.
Ameglia holds a concentrate of Liguria, and like the boundary municipalities it has important traces of the historical events that took place in this part of the region, from the Pre-Roman era to the Latin occupation, and up to the Middle Ages.
An ancient Ligurian necropolis was, in fact, found in the village of Cafaggio, the remains of Roman villas were found in Bocca di Magra on the coast, and the Castle of the county town of the province is still impressive.

Ameglia and its territory are also an important place for trekking and walking enthusiasts: indeed an important stretch of the Alta via del Golfo, the road which goes from Lerici to Bocca di Magra, passes through it.

The Generale Chiodo battery is located in this territory, and along this route.  The complex was made up of a long tunnel dug into the rock, closed at both ends by a tower. 
The tunnel could be entered through a trench. Other buildings were present, thought to have been used for housing soldiers.

The first interventions on the structure include the creation of an accommodation set-up, restoration of one of the small barracks and partial excavation of the structure, to find out if other structures are still underground.
The Development of the natural and cultural resources of Liguria project (Level 4 of the ROP ERDF 2007-2013) includes completion of the restoration of this military structure, turning it into an accommodation area.

A little bit of history

The Generale Chiodo military Battery was built during the early 20th century by Military Engineering as an anti-ship post just a short distance from Montemarcello village.

When Italy entered the Second World War it was converted into a place where anti-aircraft activities were carried out: it was probably during this phase that the underground tunnels were dug for the artillery posts positioned on the sea face.

Between October 1944 and the Liberation Day (April 25th, 1945) the battery, solidly in the hands of the Germans, was used to defend the Gothic Line.

The intervention

The project includes completion of Battery renovation following the first restoration, necessary for creating the first nucleus of the accommodation structure.
This intervention answers the need to develop the accommodation services for visitors, creating a reference point for discovering Montemarcello Park, routes, trails and the surrounding areas.

The project also aims at renovating a very important heritage from a historical, cultural, architectural and landscape point of view, and promoting knowledge and the flow of tourists.
The intervention increases the potential of this education and nature pole, and is inserted in the context of other interventions (botanic Garden, Montemarcello panoramic viewpoint, Montemarcello visitors centre) achieved by the Park Institution for developing the area.

In detail, the intervention will renovate the structures and the tunnel in a conservative manner, restore the walls and rebuild the small tower. Interventions will also be carried out on the second small barracks.

Nearby

The surroundings of the village of Ameglia, capital of the municipality of the same name, are full of local points that cannot be missed: established as a fishing village, Bocca di Magra faces the Mediterranean Sea at the mouth of the river, and is known for pleasure tourism.
There are many small inlets and beaches nearby, from Punta Bianca to Punta Corvo. The Punta Corvo beach, which can be reached on foot with a lovely but tiring walk or by sea with the ferry, is an uncontaminated area where the sea is clean and transparent, and classified by Legambiente as one of the eleven most beautiful beaches in Italy.

The village of Fiumaretta, facing Bocca di Magra, has large beaches and is a true paradise for aquatic sport enthusiasts, in particular sailing and windsurfing.

The village of , which gives its name to the regional park inside which the municipality lies, dates back to Roman times, and is in the list of the most beautiful villages in Italy.

Oddities

According to legend, the name Montemarcello derives from a historical episode that occurred during the war started by the Romans against the inhabitants of Liguria, who proudly opposed the Latin conquest.

In 155 BC, however, the consul Marco Claudio Marcello won the battle against the local populations.
The name of the village, which preserves its clearly Roman layout, is a reminder of this victory.

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