Bastion of Cervo
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Salita al Castello, 15 - 18010 Cervo (IM)
Telefono: 0183 406462
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The project, part of the Development of the natural and cultural resources of Liguria project (Level 4 of the POR-FESR 2007-2013), has the double goal of restoring a defensive building from the 15th century, today in an advanced state of degradation, and transforming it into the Museum of Music, which will give the Municipality of Cervo an additional instrument for promoting culture.  The Festival of Chamber Music, which has now reached its 45th edition (2008), is one of the most functional realities of the Municipality.

A little bit of history

The Fortress is a defensive bastion that belonged to the walled circle of Cervo and, recently acquired by the Municipality, it can become a promotional element for the whole Province of Imperia.

Cervo arose when the Clavesana marquises organized their territory. Already in the 12th century Cervo appeared to be defended by the Castle, which was the defensive fulcrum of the urban centre. From its simple original tower, the Castle grew over the following centuries together with the whole urban centre, becoming over time a village that was completely enclosed between walls made from high perimeter palisades.

Up to the 16th century, the village developed towards the sea, but because of this building expansion, and also barbarian attacks on the Ligurian coast, some gaps appeared in the defensive fabric of the village between the 14th and 15th centuries. To protect from the strong menaces that the coast area was subjected to, above all during the second quarter of the 16th century, a series of defensive measures were built, causing the building progress that had continued until that period to decrease. The Marine port was reinforced with a double curtain wall, and the Fortress was erected near the loggia of the Pier. The Fortress is a mighty building for at least one firing point of a good size (the ruins of the firing spaces in the walls gives the idea that the cannons were more than one unit).

The intervention

The aim of the project is to reconstruct the modest volume, creating two functional lots that will allow the Fortress to host the Museum of Music.

The first lot is necessary for consolidating the structure of the current volume and eliminating the rubble inside the area, therefore an archaeological excavation phase must be programmed to check if there are still historical elements remaining underground after the structure collapsed.

In addition, the first of two attics will also be built, which initially will cover the underlying area and render it waterproof; should the two lots not be adjoining as is hoped, they can be used as a temporary panoramic viewpoint for the coastal area.

When the internal perimeter of the building has been consolidated, the upper structure can be made, as indicated in the simulation attached to this project; it will be of modest volume and have four pitched roofs that blend in with the Cervo panorama, an extremely difficult environment on which to intervene without causing environmental impact problems. Minimum dimensions and materials that are part of the culture and local tradition were therefore chosen, because they adapt well both to the reconstruction of the building and its use as a museum.
The restoration examples of many Italian castles in the Alpine arch (Val d’Aosta, Alto Adige) and in Garfagnana and Tuscany are also important.

Nearby

The parish church of San Giovanni Battista in the historical centre of Cervo, known as the “chiesa dei Corallini” (Coral church) because financed by the coral fishermen, was built between the 17th and 18th centuries and is the largest baroque monument in Eastern Ligurian.
The “International Chamber Music Festival of Cervo” is held in its churchyard in July.

The local Clavesana castle hosts the Ethnographic museum of Eastern Liguria, dedicated to the ethnography of the Eastern Riviera.
There are large beaches with fine sand near Cervo, Diano Marina and Andora.

Oddities

The International Chamber Music Festival of Cervo was started in 1964 by a Hungarian violinist, Sandor Vegh, who sensed the acoustic potential of the main square of the Corallini, lying below the parish church of San Giovanni.

Mappa
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